US movement especially active during the 1950s and 60s that aimed to end segregation and discrimination against blacks, as well as affirm their constitutional rights and improve their status in society.
In From Suffrage to the Senate: America's Political Women
Democrat Carol Moseley Braun of Illinois served in the U.S. Senate from January 3, 1993 to January 3, 1999. She was the first African American woman elected to the U.S. Senate.
Best known as a politician, Jordan became the first African-American state senator in Texas since 1883, the first woman state senator ever (1966–1972), and the first African-American congresswoman from the South (1972–1978).
In 1967 President Johnson appointed him to the US Supreme Court, a post he held until 1991. The first black Supreme Court justice, Marshall was a strong voice for civil and individual rights throughout his career.