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Avoiding Plagiarism: Building a Bibliography

This guide was created to explain plagiarism and also provide useful tips on how to avoid plagiarism.

What is a Bibliography?

When you cite your material, you collect the citation information for the sources you have used and list them alphabetically on the last page of your paper. There are two different types of citation lists.

Bibliographies are lists of all the works you consulted to write a paper, even if you did not cite all of them directly in the paper.

Works Cited (other styles may call them References) pages consist of only works you have directly cited.

Parts of a Citation

What information do you need to write an entry in a bibliography or works cited page? In general, you'll need the following elements:

  • Author name (or names)
  • Title of work (Journal Articles need the title of the article and the Journal name)
  • Date published
  • Volume and issue (if applicable)
  • Occasionally publisher and publishing city
  • Occasionally the name of the database you got it from
  • If it is an online resource, then the web URL and the date accessed

Citing Sources & Writing: Getting More Help