What is a peer-reviewed article or journal?
Peer-reviewed means that articles before publication go through a rigorous process of review by experts in that subject field. This is to ensure that the articles meet the standards of that discipline. After the articles have been peer-reviewed, they are published in peer-reviewed journals.
Is peer-reviewed the same as the term refereed?
Yes, more or less. The review process by publication experts is different for each one.
What is a periodical?
The term periodical can apply to any journal, magazine, or newspaper that is published at regularly occurring intervals.
What is a scholarly journal?
A scholarly journal is a scholarly publication with multiple articles that is often subject specific or has a specific audience. Sometimes referred to as a periodical, because they are published at regularly occurring intervals.
What is a trade journal?
A trade journal is written by experts in a specific industry that discusses news, trends, and opinions. They are not scholarly journals because they are not peer-reviewed.
|Articles are written by authorities in the field
|Articles are usually written by professional writers or journalists
|Authors cite their sources in endnotes, footnotes, or bibliographies
|There are rarely bibliographies
|Aimed at scholarly readers (researchers, professors, or students)
|Aimed at general population
|Often published by academic or association presses
|Published by commercial (for profit) presses
|Contains few to no advertisements
|Contain numerous advertisements
|Most articles are reviewed by an author’s peers before publication to ensure high quality
|Journals usually have a narrow subject focus, and articles often include original research, reviews, or essays
|Used to inform, update, or introduce a topic to a general reader
|Illustrations often consist of charts or graphs
|Numerous colorful illustrations and/or photographs are usually present
|Articles use jargon of the discipline
|Language is geared to general population; no special knowledge is required
|American Journal of Botany, The Academy of Management Journal, Social Research
|Runner's World, Ebony, Time
Scholarly journals are written for and by people who work in academics: professors, researchers, undergraduate or graduate students. This type of article is best suited for your research because it is reliable and authoritative.
If you have a journal or article and you need to check if it is peer reviewed, use the Ulrich's Periodical Directory database.