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ADED 7343: Organizational Learning & Development: Home

Getting Started

“We are never independent of the social and historical forces that surround us---we are caught at a particular point in the web of reality.  The post-formal project is to understand what that point in the web is, how it constructs our vantage point, and the ways it insidiously restricts our vision” (Kincheloe & Steinberg, 1993, 302).

With that in mind, for this assignment you will choose an author/text and do a literature search to trace the ways a particular social identity theory has been tested and expanded. You will develop an annotated bibliography.

Purpose & main points of the article/book

  • Explanation of main points and/or purpose of the work—basically, its thesis—which shows among other things that you have read and thoroughly understand the source.
  • The point of view or perspective from which the work was written. For instance, you may note whether the author seemed to have particular biases or was trying to reach a particular audience.
  • How the work extends or modifies previous work.

Synthesis of the literature

  • compare & contrast, critically evaluate how the theory has been tested and developed, interpret, so that you can draw conclusion.

references for some early articles for each socio-cultural identity in order to get you started. Arlene Salazar will help you with some of the strategies you can use to search for theoretical and research articles and books for the purpose of doing a review such as this. 

Asian-American identity development 

Sue, D. W. (1989). Racial/cultural identity development among Asian Americans: Counseling/therapy implications. Journal of the Asian American Psychological Association, 13, 80-86.

Black racial identity development

Cross, W. (1971, July). The Negro-to-Black conversion experienceBlack World, 20, 13-27.

Gay sexual identity development

Cass, V.C. (1979). Homosexual identity formation: A theoretical model. Journal of Homosexuality, 4, 219-235.

Feminist identity

Downing, N. E. & Roush, K. L. (1985).  From passive acceptance to active commitment: A model of feminist identity development.  The Counseling Psychologist, 13 (4), pp. 695 – 709.


Guy-Sheftall (Ed.), Words of fire: An anthology of African American feminist thought (pp. 232–240). New York, NY: New Press. (Original paper published in 1977).

Crenshaw, K. W. (1991). Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color.  Stanford Law Review, 43 (6), 1241–1279.


Berry, J. W. (1980). Acculturation as varieties of adaptation. In A. M. Padilla (Ed.), Acculturation: Theories, models, and some new findings (pp. 9–25). Boulder, CO: Westview.

Latino/Hispanic bicultural identity development

Torres, V. (1999). Influences on ethnic identity development of Latino college students in the first two years of college.  Journal of College Student Development, 44 (4), 532-547.

Lesbian identity development

Beata E. Chapman & JoAnn C. Brannock. (1987). Proposed Model of Lesbian Identity Development, Journal of Homosexuality, 14, 3-4, 69-80, DOI: 10.1300/J082v14n03_05

White male identity development

Scott, D. )., & Robinson, T. ). (2001). White male identity development: The key modelJournal Of Counseling And Development79(4), 415-421. doi:10.1002/j.1556-6676.2001.tb01988.x


Mason-Schrock, D. (1996). Transsexuals’ narrative construction of the “true self”. Social Psychology Quarterly, 59,176–19

White racial identity development

Helms, J. E. (1984). Toward a theoretical explanation of the effects of race on counseling: A Black and White model. The Counseling Psychologist, 12(4), 153-165.

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Arlene Salazar