Reference Material in the form of subject dictionaries, encyclopedias, and handbooks typically provide background essays, definitions, broad overviews of various topics, or other pertinent facts. Search a collection like Sage Knowledge
- Teacher leadership: A teacher teaches well and assumes at least one additional responsibility beyond the classroom. Schools realize that principals cannot lead the schools by themselves. They need teachers to assume responsibility and take ownership for the overall success of the school. Teachers can lead in a variety of ways. Refer to the Teacher Leadership Model Standards for the many ways that teachers can lead.
- Professional learning communities (PLC): A form of teacher professional development. Teachers work together in small groups to improve instruction and student learning.
- Critical friends groups: A form of teacher professional development. Teachers work together in small groups to improve instruction. The approach is structured. Teachers agree to follow protocols when working in small groups.
- Peer Coaching (instructional coaching is ok): A form of teacher professional development. Two colleagues work together to improve instruction. They observe and offer feedback to each other.
- Mentoring: A form of teacher professional development. A novice and an experienced teacher work together to improve instruction.
- Action Research or teacher research groups: A form of teacher professional development. One, two or more teachers formally study their teaching. They read published literature on the topic, they collect data from their teaching, and they analyze the data.
- Advocacy (Legislative or Policy advocacy, not advocacy for students): Teachers monitor education-related legislation being discussed by decision-making at the local, state, or national levels. Teachers then encourage colleagues to take action for or against the legislation.
- Lesson study groups A form of teacher professional development. Teachers work in small groups to improve instruction. Specifically, they work together to develop lessons, observe colleagues teach the lesson, and develop ways to improve the lesson.