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Addressing Racial Disparities
Fiction set during the 1918 Influenza Pandemic
- New York Mayor Calls for Help to Dig Graves - Dallas Morning News - October 26, 1918 - page 13
- October 26, 1918 | Dallas Morning News | Dallas, Texas | News Article | Page 13
- Increase is Shown in Influenza Cases - Dallas Morning News - October 26, 1918 - page 14
- October 26, 1918 | Dallas Morning News | Dallas, Texas | News Article | Page 14
Produced by the University of Michigan Center for the History of Medicine and Michigan Publishing, University of Michigan Library.
Interested in the 1918 Influenza? Want to know more? Check out this short preview from PBS as a teaser, and perhaps PBS passport to watch the full version.
Regional and racial inequality in infectious disease mortality in U.S. cities, 1900-1948
From 1906 to 1920, African Americans in cities experienced a rate of death from infectious disease that was greater than what urban whites experienced during the 1918 flu pandemic.
To Live and Die in Wales, Alaska
The writer outlines his experiences visiting Wales, Alaska, where a young man he encountered was trying to make a life for himself in a village still reeling from the influenza epidemic of 1918. The population never recovered after the 1918 flu, remaining between 120 and 170 people, and the epidemic killed so many elders that it destroyed the village's sense of its past. It killed so many hunters that the ancient skill of whaling virtually stopped for the next 50 years. White teachers and missionaries encouraged Wales residents to drop their language and shamanistic traditions, and the introduction of modern technology meant much of the culture died off. An outbreak of suicides then struck western Alaska, and people began to take their own lives at a rate that was seven times the U.S. average, resulting in an epidemic that still rages today.
1918 Spanish flu epidemic
The article presents excerpts from memoirs and diaries by authors including Virginia Woolf, Egon Schiele, and Blaise Cendrars on the 1918 Spanish flu epidemic in Europe.
Shortly aft er her arrival at Chemawa, Edith passed a medical examination, but just a few weeks later, on October 18, the Superintendent of the school, Harwood Hall, wrote to the Superintendent at Round Valley Agency in Covelo with worrisome news. “Edith Potter is quite sick,” he explained. “Will you please advise her mother?” Though she was suffering from “a very bad case of the grippe,” Edith was “in no danger as yet” he reassured, and concluded, “We are doing all possible for her and believe and hope we can ward off the pneumonia.” 3 Edith Potter’s was one of over 500 cases of Spanish influenza suffered by the children at Chemawa Indian School that fall.
APA (American Psychological Assoc.)
Bristow, N. K. (2012). American Pandemic : The Lost Worlds of the 1918 Influenza Epidemic. Oxford University Press.
Plagues and Epidemics by
Call Number: RA649 .N55 2010
Publication Date: 2010-04-01
Until recently, plagues were thought to belong in the ancient past. Now there are deep worries about global pandemics. This book presents views from anthropology about this much publicized and complex problem. The authors take us to places where epidemics are erupting, waning, or gone, and to other places where they have not yet arrived, but where a frightening story line is already in place. They explore public health bureaucracies and political arenas where the power lies to make decisions about what is, and is not, an epidemic. They look back into global history to uncover disease trends and look ahead to a future of expanding plagues within the context of climate change. The chapters are written from a range of perspectives, from the science of modeling epidemics to the social science of understanding them. Patterns emerge when people are engulfed by diseases labeled as epidemics but which have the hallmarks of plague. There are cycles of shame and blame, stigma, isolation of the sick, fear of contagion, and end-of-the-world scenarios. Plague, it would seem, is still among us.
Epidemic Encounters by
Call Number: eBook
Publication Date: 2012-05-24
Health crises such as the SARS epidemic and H1N1 have rekindled interest in the 1918 influenza pandemic, which swept the globe after the First World War and killed approximately fifty million people. Epidemic Encounters zeroes in on Canada, where one-third of the population took ill and fifty-five thousand people died, to consider the various ways in which this country was affected by the pandemic. How did military and medical authorities, health care workers, and ordinary citizens respond? What role did social inequalities play in determining who survived? Contributors answer these questions as they pertained to both local and national contexts. In the process, they offer new insights into medical history's usefulness in the struggle against epidemic disease.
Call Number: RC150.4 .K64 1999
Publication Date: 1999-11-19
The fascinating, true story of the world's deadliest disease. In 1918, the Great Flu Epidemic felled the young and healthy virtually overnight. An estimated forty million people died as the epidemic raged. Children were left orphaned and families were devastated. As many American soldiers were killed by the 1918 flu as were killed in battle during World War I. And no area of the globe was safe. Eskimos living in remote outposts in the frozen tundra were sickened and killed by the flu in such numbers that entire villages were wiped out. Scientists have recently rediscovered shards of the flu virus frozen in Alaska and preserved in scraps of tissue in a government warehouse. Gina Kolata, an acclaimed reporter for The New York Times, unravels the mystery of this lethal virus with the high drama of a great adventure story. Delving into the history of the flu and previous epidemics, detailing the science and the latest understanding of this mortal disease, Kolata addresses the prospects for a great epidemic recurring, and, most important, what can be done to prevent it.
Pale Rider by
Call Number: RC150.4 .S65 2017 E-book
Publication Date: 2017-09-12
In 1918, the Italian-Americans of New York, the Yupik of Alaska and the Persians of Mashed had almost nothing in common except for a virus--one that triggered the worst pandemic of modern times and had a decisive effect on the history of the twentieth century. The Spanish flu of 1918-1920 was one of the greatest human disasters of all time. It infected a third of the people on Earth--from the poorest immigrants of New York City to the king of Spain, Franz Kafka, Mahatma Gandhi and Woodrow Wilson. But despite a death toll of between 50 and 100 million people, it exists in our memory as an afterthought to World War I. In this gripping narrative history, Laura Spinney traces the overlooked pandemic to reveal how the virus travelled across the globe, exposing mankind's vulnerability and putting our ingenuity to the test. As socially significant as both world wars, the Spanish flu dramatically disrupted--and often permanently altered--global politics, race relations and family structures, while spurring innovation in medicine, religion and the arts. It was partly responsible, Spinney argues, for pushing India to independence, South Africa to apartheid and Switzerland to the brink of civil war. It also created the true "lost generation." Drawing on the latest research in history, virology, epidemiology, psychology and economics, Pale Rider masterfully recounts the little-known catastrophe that forever changed humanity.
The Spanish Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919 by
Call Number: RA644.I6 E-book
Publication Date: 2014-11-15
Situating the Iberian Peninsula as the key point of connection between Europe and the Americas, both epidemiologically and discursively, The Spanish Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919 sheds new light on what the World Health Organization described as "the single most devastating infectious disease outbreak ever recorded." The essays in this volume elucidate specific aspects of the pandemic that have received minimal attention until now, including social control, gender, class, religion, national identity, and military medicine's reactions to the pandemic and relationship with civilian medicine. While World War I, as the authors point out, is the context for these discussions, the experiences of 1918-19 remain persistently relevant to contemporary life, particularly in view of events such as the 2009 H1N1 swine flu pandemic and the Ebola outbreak of 2014. Contributors: Catherine Belling, Josep Bernabeu-Mestre, Liane Maria Bertucci, Ryan A. Davis, Esteban Domingo, Magda Fahrni, Hernán Feldman, Pilar León-Sanz, Maria Luísa Lima, Maria de Fátima Nunes, Mercedes Pascual Artiaga, María-Isabel Porras-Gallo, Anny Jackeline Torres Silveira, José Manuel Sobral, Paulo Silveira e Sousa, Christiane Maria Cruz de Souza. María-Isabel Porras-Gallo is professor of history of science in the Medical Faculty of Ciudad Real at the University of Castilla-La Mancha (Spain). Ryan A. Davis is assistant professor in the Department of Languages, Literatures, and Cultures at Illinois State University.
A Cruel Wind by
Call Number: RC150.5.A2 P48 2008
Publication Date: 2008-06-01
The flu pandemic that began in 1918 touched with illness virtually every family in America. It was a devastating time, far overshadowing the carnage of World War I as the pandemic killed more people in less time than any disease before or since. With 25% to 30% of the world's population having clinically apparent illnesses and a mortality rate of 2.5-5 %, it is believed that more than 675,000 Americans were among the 50-100 million that died worldwide.